Step up to address toxic leadership

Step Up, Step In

Step Up, Step In

SPANGDAHLEM AIR BASE, Germany -- Whether we like to admit it or not, toxic leaders exist in our Air Force, from front line supervisors to commanding officers.

Every Airman must recognize and confront toxic leadership, because it undermines good order and discipline, corrupts the force from the inside out and is counter to a healthy organizational climate.

What does toxic leadership look like?

There's a wide spectrum of toxic leadership. Some people are clearly toxic leaders, while others walk the line between directive and toxic.

On one side, there's the over-the-top narcissistic, power-hungry leader who threatens, controls and can never admit his or her faults. On the other, there's the frontline supervisor who simply doesn't create an environment where Airmen want to contribute to the mission and are encouraged to reach their fullest potential.

Some people are overly directive, aggressive or obsessive compulsive making them susceptible to exhibiting toxic leadership behaviors when in a position of power.

Unfortunately, these leaders act and make decisions to benefit themselves, not their people. Toxic leaders can be disrespectful to those they lead; they create a negative environment of manipulation and fear.

To an outsider, that particular work center ruled by a toxic leader may look effective, simply because tasks are completed, and deadlines are met. But in the end, such leadership rots away the purpose and motivation of our great force and that damages mission success. But more importantly, it damages people.

People don't complete tasks because they are empowered under toxic leaders ... they complete tasks because it is what they are told to do, because they fear being ostracized and or retaliated against.

Yet most of the time, toxic leaders don't even know they are the problem; in their eyes, their behavior is perfectly acceptable.

What do you do if you are working for a toxic leader?

Unfortunately, there's really no clear answer, because every situation is different. There are a couple options: confront the toxic leader directly, seek guidance and/or support from the chain-of-command, document the situation during a Unit Climate Assessment, discuss it during an Airman-to-Inspector General interview, or address the problem with the Military Equal Opportunity office.

I'll be honest, working for a toxic leader can be hard considering the power and authority they have over you; however, confronting the toxic leader directly about his or her behaviors or reporting the problem to your chain-of-command or to a helping agency can be downright paralyzing - it requires courage. Given this, many simply choose to endure the toxic environment rather than step up to address it.

But if we don't step up and confront toxic leadership, the environment and organizational climate will not change for the better and potentially more Airmen will suffer. Coming forward may inspire others to step up and speak out too. Change often begins with the courage of one Airman as I have seen in many cases where ultimately the toxic leader is removed from a position of power and influence.

How can you make change in an organization?

And that's where mentorship at every level comes in: we CAN eliminate toxic leadership within our organizations by taking the opportunity to step up and help create a healthy working environment.

Although stepping in and taking a stand may require people to break out of their comfort zone, we can't tolerate, condone or ignore problematic behavior. We CAN create an environment of accountability, dignity and respect that rejects leading by fear and manipulation.

Ridding the Air Force of toxic leadership contributes to a simple but vital goal: reaching an ideal state where people are treated fairly and valued for who they are regardless of what's on their collars or sleeves.

At this point, where ever we are in our careers, we need to look in the mirror and evaluate ourselves honestly: could we be toxic?

We must promote an organizational culture where individuals can thrive, feel respected for who they are and are valued for their contributions to the mission. This is vital to winning the fight, strengthening the team, and shaping the future as Airmen in the world's greatest Air Force.

In the end, if you treat people with dignity and respect, you can inspire and motivate people to go above and beyond the mission. And that's real leadership.