To shoot or not to shoot

Airmen assigned to the 86th Security Forces Squadron react to a scenario during a firearms training system at Ramstein Air Base, Germany, March 6, 2015.  The training course helps give Airmen the confidence to react during real-world situations. (U.S. Air Force photo/Senior Airman Nicole Sikorski)

Airmen assigned to the 86th Security Forces Squadron react to a scenario during a firearms training system at Ramstein Air Base, Germany, March 6, 2015. The training course helps give Airmen the confidence to react during real-world situations. (U.S. Air Force photo/Senior Airman Nicole Sikorski)

Airmen assigned to the 86th Security Forces Squadron react to a scenario during a firearms training system exercise at Ramstein Air Base, Germany, March 6, 2015.  The Air Force-wide system allows law enforcement a virtual experience with the use of laser-pointed air-compressed weapons on a training system similar to an interactive video game. (U.S. Air Force photo/Senior Airman Nicole Sikorski)

Airmen assigned to the 86th Security Forces Squadron react to a scenario during a firearms training system exercise at Ramstein Air Base, Germany, March 6, 2015. The Air Force-wide system allows law enforcement a virtual experience with the use of laser-pointed air-compressed weapons on a training system similar to an interactive video game. (U.S. Air Force photo/Senior Airman Nicole Sikorski)

An Airman assigned to the 86th Security Forces Squadron grips her air compressed weapon before a use of force training exercise. Defenders arriving at Ramstein must complete this annual training in order to stay armed. The training course is comprised of three components which include a classroom portion, a written exam and a virtual test on the firearms training system. (U.S. Air Force photo/Senior Airman Nicole Sikorski)

An Airman assigned to the 86th Security Forces Squadron grips her air compressed weapon before a use of force training exercise. Defenders arriving at Ramstein must complete this annual training in order to stay armed. The training course is comprised of three components which include a classroom portion, a written exam and a virtual test on the firearms training system. (U.S. Air Force photo/Senior Airman Nicole Sikorski)

RAMSTEIN AIR BASE, Germany -- Excessive use of force by law enforcement is a topic which has plagued U.S. headlines more than once in the year 2014. While the civilian police force is responsible for deescalating a situation at the lowest level, the military is held to the same standard.

Although tackling issues with no harm to others is the intent of all U.S. Air Force security forces members, they must train on numerous situations to know what level of force is appropriate to ensure the safety of everyone involved.

Known across the Air Force as defenders, Airmen assigned to the 86th Security Forces Squadron, 435th Contingency Response Group, 569th U.S. Force Police Squadron and NATO, train for real-world scenarios to keep them at the top of their game.

The use of force training keeps service members current on the conduct expected of them during an emergency situation. The day-long class comprised of three parts includes a classroom portion, written examination and a virtual test on the Firearms Training System.

"This training gave me a better understanding of scenarios we don't encounter every day," said Senior Airman Davin Horsley, 86th SFS visitor control center journeyman. "It gives me more confidence in dealing with scenarios and a clearer picture of what it might be like in the moment."

Although confrontations may not be as severe on the home-front as they are on front-lines, defenders must always be ready to diffuse a situation at any level.

"In the security forces world, bad things don't happen every day," said Staff Sgt. Karriem Abdul'ahad, 86th Security Forces Squadron training instructor. "The FATS gives us the ability to stay on our game and practice what we need to do in the instance a situation arises."

The Air Force-wide system allows law enforcement a virtual experience with the use of laser-pointed air-compressed weapons on a training system similar to an interactive video game. Through a projector, the perpetrator confronts the 'defender,' and based on their line of action, the instructor will control how the situation unfolds.

"It is extremely beneficial for trainers to be able to change the scenario to teach students a sense of situational awareness," Abdul'ahad said. "We can go over how each student handled the scenario and correct what they may have done wrong."

Situations students are faced with can range from something as common as hand-cuffing a suspect to an extreme measure such as using lethal force.

Although completion of the course is an annual requirement to stay armed, Abdul'ahad uses it as an opportunity to encourage defenders to give their all while on the job.

"As an instructor, teaching this course allows me to mold new Airmen and give them a positive and exciting first impression of their career," said Abdul'ahad. "It allows me to help defenders better themselves."

This life-like experience tests Airmen not only on emergencies but also on marksmanship with mock pistols; however, this does not compensate for weapons training with the recoil being much less than that of a gun.

As well as training on proper procedure, the simulator can put defenders at ease by allowing them to have the time to react to each particular situation, said Horsley.
The use of force training course and FATS will continue to be key in the safety of service members and families across the Air Force.